Covid-19: A Crisis of Too Many Numbers

And not enough human stories

I’m Scott Nover. Welcome back to Pressing, a newsletter about press freedom. If you haven’t yet subscribed, you can do so here and receive this letter in your inbox every Tuesday morning.

This is the 39th issue of Pressing and it’s great to have you with me. Please send me feedback, thoughts, suggestions, and tips at

Covid-19: A Crisis of Too Many Numbers

Our media environment seems monolithic. Everything is Covid-19 all the time. And for good reason. Truthfully, I don’t think there’s been another moment in contemporary history that has captured the entire world’s attention like this. It’s the biggest story I’ve ever seen.

Some researchers devote their entire careers to studying media effects, the ways in which media influences thoughts, behaviors, and attitudes. When this pandemic is all said and done—and perhaps before that—we’ll know more about the media’s role: How amplifying public health guidances, live-airing the president’s remarks, and thwarting misinformation affected the public’s understanding of the crisis.

I’m interested in the role of numbers.

On CNN, the Covid-19 four numbers adorn nearly every broadcast: cases in the United States, cases worldwide, deaths in the United States, and deaths worldwide. While numbers are crucial, I worry they make us numb to the reality of this pandemic.

Last week, I wrote a feature story for Adweek about obituaries. I talked to the country’s leading obituary writers, journalism academics, and experts who study grief to draw some conclusions about the state of the Covid-19 crisis. Perhaps my main takeaway is that this pandemic is far too dominated by numbers when it needs to be filled with stories. Obituary writers tell the stories of human lives, lived and lost, putting a real face on the numbers.

The George Washington University’s Frank Sesno told me that obituaries both “mourn and warn.” For many, Covid-19 only seems real, unfortunately, when it affects someone we know or love.

[ You can read my story on obituaries here. If you cannot get access, just email me and I’ll send you the PDF! ]

Numbers play a role. Epidemiologists need numbers to track the virus. Economists need numbers to quantify the misery in job market and dynamism in the stock market. Citizens need numbers to make educated decisions about for whom to vote.

But, as someone sitting at home, watching the crisis unfold on my television screen, on social media, on news websites, I see far more numbers and charts and graphs and not enough stories about the woman at the corner store who lived a remarkable life before Covid-19 intervened. Or the 30-year-old who didn’t think it could kill him, but it did.

Just a thought.

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In the Headlines

  • Fox News primetime host Sean Hannity is threatening The New York Times with legal action for “mischaracterizing” Hannity’s Covid-19 coverage. The Times is not flinching. (The Daily Beast, Justin Baragona)

  • NBC News chairman Andy Lack penned an opinion piece, writing that the press is “under attack from coronavirus and the White House.” “But we’re winning,” he adds. (NBC News, Andy Lack)

  • The Covid-19 pandemic has delayed Julian Assange’s U.S. extradition trial (Reuters, Michael Holden)

  • The Financial Times has suspended media reporter Mark DiStefano after he joined a Zoom call where The Independent and The Evening Standard were announcing salary cuts and furloughs. Critics say he crossed a line. (The Guardian, Mark Sweney)

The 2020 World Press Freedom Index is Here

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) released its annual World Press Freedom Index last week. Here is the biggest line in the report:

“There is a clear correlation between suppression of media freedom in response to the coronavirus pandemic, and a country’s ranking in the Index.”

Read on: “Both China (177th) and Iran (down 3 at 173rd) censored their major coronavirus outbreaks extensively. In Iraq (down 6 at 162nd), the authorities stripped Reuters of its [license] for three months after it published a story questioning official coronavirus figures. Even in Europe, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán of Hungary (down 2 at 89th), had a ‘coronavirus’ law passed with penalties of up to five years in prison for false information, a completely disproportionate and coercive measure.”

Here’s the Top Ten: 1. Norway, 2. Finland, 3. Denmark, 4. Sweden, 5. Netherlands, 6. Jamaica, 7. Costa Rica, 8. Switzerland, 9. New Zealand, 10. Portugal.

Here’s the Bottom Ten: 171. Cuba, 172. Laos, 173. Iran, 174. Syria, 175. Vietnam, 176. Djibouti, 177. China, 178. Eritrea, 179. Turkmenistan, 180. North Korea

What Else is New?

  • This headline says it all: “The White House tried to move a reporter to the back of the press room, but she refused. Then Trump walked out.” (The Washington Post, Paul Farhi)

  • Hong Kong’s university entrance exam featured a question about press freedom that many saw as “political.” (Hong Kong Free Press, Kelly Ho)

  • The U.S. Supreme Court will hold oral arguments remotely and “in an unprecedented move, make the live audio of those arguments available to the public.” (Scotusblog, Amy Howe)

  • “The federal government doled out $350 billion in stimulus loans. Most local daily newspapers were left out.” (Poynter, Rick Edmonds)

  • To mark World Press Freedom Day on Sunday, May 3, The Washington Post Press Freedom Partnership will run a week full of print and digital ads (April 27- May 3) highlighting those “detained or otherwise persecuted” for doing journalism. Take a look at the ads here, which feature Austin Tice (United States), Claudia Duque (Colombia), Azimjon Askarov (Kyrgyzstan), Solafa Magdy (Egypt), and the four Iwacu journalists (Burundi).

    Thanks for reading Pressing today and always. Like what you read and want to support me? Consider a paid subscription here. I’ll see you next Tuesday! Send tips and feedback to