Sandmann Settles

The Covington Catholic teen settled his defamation suit with the Washington Post after doing the same with CNN in January.

I’m Scott Nover. Welcome back to Pressing, a newsletter about press freedom. If you haven’t yet subscribed, you can do so here and receive this letter in your inbox every Tuesday morning.

This is the 48th issue of Pressing and it’s great to have you with me. Please send me feedback, thoughts, suggestions, and tips at sgnover@gmail.com.

Sandmann Settles: A Closing Overview

On Friday, Nicholas Sandmann settled with The Washington Post.

If you’ve paid attention during the Trump era, you’ve seen Sandmann’s face. It’s a face that instantly caught the world’s attention in a viral video—a symbol, it seemed, of a young white boy’s smug mockery of a Native American man at a particularly tense moment in American polity.

The Washington Post reported that the boy wore a “relentless smirk” during that late January 2019 standoff at the Lincoln Memorial. But later videos showed a fuller picture: a group of Black Hebrew Israelites seemed to have instigated the tense moment, shouting slurs at Sandmann’s group of Trump-supporting students. Perhaps Sandmann wasn’t what he seemed in the viral video.

On March 1, more than a month after the incident, the Post added an editor’s note on its initial reporting, which read:

Editor’s Note: Subsequent reporting, a student’s statement and additional video allow for a more complete assessment of what occurred during the Jan. 18 incident at the Lincoln Memorial, either contradicting or failing to confirm accounts provided in this story — including that Native American activist Nathan Phillips was prevented by one student from moving on, that his group had been taunted by the students in the lead-up to the encounter, and that the students were trying to instigate a conflict. The high school student facing Phillips issued a statement contradicting his account; the bishop in Covington, Ky., apologized for the statement condemning the students; and an investigation conducted for the Diocese of Covington and Covington Catholic High School found the students’ accounts consistent with videos.Subsequent Post coverage, including video, reported these developments: “Viral standoff between a tribal elder and a high schooler is more complicated than it first seemed”; “Kentucky bishop apologizes to Covington Catholic students, says he expects their exoneration”; “Investigation finds no evidence of ‘racist or offensive statements’ in Mall incident.

The Post’s original reporting did not entirely hold up, especially in light of subsequent reporting, this note says. But was it defamatory?

I reported on the big legal questions for this lawsuit last year for The Atlantic. (Please note: I’m a reporter, not a lawyer.)

In short, the answer to that question would have depended on whether the court deemed him a “private figure”—where mere negligence could prove defamation—or if he qualified as a “limited-purpose public figure” (someone who has “thrust themselves to the forefront of particular public controversies”), a different standard under which Sandmann would have to prove the Post acted with “reckless disregard” for the truth.

Last July, District Judge William O. Bertelsman (E.D.K.Y.) dismissed the case against the Post, “ruling that all of the challenged statements were either opinion, not defamatory or not about Sandmann specifically,” the Post’s Paul Farhi reported. But in October, Bertelsman reinstated part of the lawsuit, considering specific statements about Sandmann blocking the path of Nathan Phillips, the Native American protester.

On Friday, he settled with the Post also for an undisclosed sum. But that’s not the only lawsuit about this same issue. In January, Sandmann also settled for an undisclosed sum with CNN in a separate lawsuit against the AT&T-owned cable network. Sandmann’s family, through lawyer Lin Wood, has also sued ABC, CBS, Gannett, NBC, The New York Times and Rolling Stone for defamation.

In an interview with Wood, he also told me he might sue the Associated Press, which he hasn’t yet done. Before suing anybody, Wood sent letters to 50-plus media companies, journalists and celebrities (including The Atlantic and Atlantic Media), warning them of potential suits.

I’ll end this recap with one interesting caveat to this whole ordeal: The Twitter account @RespectableLaw suggested yesterday that Sandmann probably didn’t walk away with much money from the settlement. (I’d encourage you to read the long thread here.)

Based on the facts of the case—and what the judge was still considering at the time of the settlement—and the tone of both statements from Sandmann and the Post, he thinks Sandmann received about $50,000 (a far cry from the $250 million for which he sued.)

“The theme of this coverage should have been: “With his case hanging by a rapidly unraveling thread, the Covington kid decides to call it quits,” he wrote.

Have thoughts on this case and how it all played out? Do you think Sandmann walked away with more money? Respond to this email and let me know what you think.


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Thanks for reading Pressing today and always. Like what you read and want to support me? Consider a paid subscription here. I’ll see you next Tuesday! Send tips and feedback to sgnover@gmail.com.